trevor wrote:God is dead he says, but is his ubermensch simply the reincarnation of God?
No. The Übermensch is, in a way, a
God (a "vicious circle God" (Beyond Good and Evil
, section 56)), but he is not moral (i.e., slave- or herd-moral). The God that Nietzsche proclaims dead is "the moral God" (The Will to Power
, section 55), i.e., the God of good and evil; the Übermensch, in contrast, is beyond
good and evil (though not beyond good and bad
: see On the Genealogy of Morals
, first treatise, section 17).
P.S.: Lampert argues that the Übermensch be not a vicious, but a virtuous
circle God: by arguing that the answer to the question asked at the end of section 56 should also
be "To the contrary, to the contrary, my friends!" (section 37). Note that in section 37, Nietzsche implies that the world (the will to power) is not the Devil, but rather the true God, whereas the "beyond" is not God, but rather the true Devil (who fortunately does not exist).
"Let us dwell a moment on this symptom of highest culture—I call it the pessimism of strength. [...]
In such a state it is precisely the good that needs 'justifying,' i.e., it must be founded in evil and danger or involve some great stupidity: then it still pleases. [...] If he [man] in praxi advocates the preservation of virtue, he does it for reasons that recognize in virtue a subtlety, a cunning, a form of lust for gain and power.
This pessimism of strength also ends in a theodicy, i.e., in an absolute affirmation of the world—but for the very reasons that formerly led one to deny it—and in this fashion to a conception of this world as the actually-achieved highest possible ideal." (Source: Nietzsche, The Will to Power, section 1019; Kaufman translation.)