What is the connection between these concepts? What does it mean to say that:

“x is” (to be)

“x exists”

“x is real”

“x is true”

Are two or more of these concepts synonymous?

What is the connection between these concepts? What does it mean to say that:

“x is” (to be)

“x exists”

“x is real”

“x is true”

Are two or more of these concepts synonymous?

Great question, I’ll think about it.

Dunamis

Stefan,

After a bit of thinking, this is my intuition:

“x is” (to be), â€œto onâ€, has an effect

“x exists”, â€œousiaâ€, is effected

“x is real”, “kalos”, participates

“x is true”, “aletheia”, is shown in connection

Dunamis