Ideology of PROUT

Prout takes joy in sharing with the readers articles that expound in more detail the Prout economic theory and ideology. PROUT stands for the economic sovereignty of all communities. By economic democracy, PROUT means the freedom of communities to control their own economy rather than being at the mercy of multinational corporations or the government. This would involve an economy driven primarily by worker-run cooperatives. Politically, PROUT is against all forms of nationalism, and advocates a world government to protect the rights of minorities everywhere and to end once and for all the domination of the world by any one superpower.

Wage War on the Oppressors, by Shrii P.R. Sarkar. The absence of collective outlook is the root of all evil. The strong are perpetrating atrocities and injustices on the weak; powerful human groups are exploiting powerless ones. Under such circumstances, says Shrii Sarkar, it is the duty of virtuous people to wage war on the oppressors.

Prout and Neo-humanism . Ending exploitation and implementing Prout economic principles must be adjusted with present conditions. Prout is a universally applicable model, leading to universal fulfillment, serenity and satisfaction, freedom and realization. Human beings need to move forward while protecting the earth’s resources such as water, plants and animals. Neo-humanism expands the intellect and inculcates deep love for all created beings. With neo-humanism as a base, a rational philosophy can be evolved to overcome all collective problems.

Prout’s Theory of Revolution , by Trond Overland. Prout defines revolution as “the application of tremendous force within a short time to destroy the formidable control of any era and replace it by the next era.” Overland describes eras as time periods dominated by one of four possible classes - the worker, warrior, priest/intellectual, and the capitalist. When any class becomes too exploitative of the other classes, generally an accelerated change occurs due to the inability of the common people to tolerate further oppression. Today we are in the era of maximum capitalist exploitation! Today we need to start that application of tremendous force to destroy the domination of corporate elites over the people!!

Economic Democracy, by Shrii Prabhat Ranjan Sarkar. The author explains in simple terms how capitalists prefer centralized economy so as to maximize profits, while what the common people need is decentralized economy, to minimize production costs and thus lower consumer costs. In both capitalism and communism, the economic power remains in the hands of a few elite. In order to change the world and give relief to the poor, this one point must change. Economic power must be put back into the hands of the people - via cooperatives! Hence we need a de-centralized economy!

Beyond Collectivism and Individualism: Prout Compared with Capitalism and Communism. This article reviews the prime differences between capitalism, communism and Prout. To put it very simply, Prout is anti-globalization, pro localization; anti-centralization, pro de-centralization and regionalization; anti-corporations and pro-cooperatives. The key point of Prout is cooperatives. Shrii Sarkar has stated clearly, once cooperatives are established, economic democracy will follow automatically. Why do we wait?

Trade and Commerce , by Trond Overland. Prout aims at developing any potential in a balanced, progressive way. While providing for the needs of all, it always looks towards the maximum development and enhancement of local human and natural resources. In the area of trade this means that wherever the potential to produce exists it must prevail over easy import, especially in the area of essential consumer goods.

PROUT’s system of socio-economic groupifications is a comprehensive approach to the socio-economic problems confronting society. If people adopt such an approach, society will move along the path of progress with increasing speed, overcoming all bondages and hindrances. Human society will enjoy a bright and glorious future.

Shrii Prabhat Ranjan Sarkar

The Four Dimensions of Prout Economies, by Shrii Prabhat Ranjan Sarkar. A developed economy, according to Sarkar, should consist of four parts - people’s economy, psycho-economy, commercial economy and general economy. This quadri-dimension of the economy is a vast expansion on the contemporary and co-contemporary conceptions of economic activity.

PROUT advocates a three-tiered industrial structure, which includes key industries managed by the immediate government, cooperatives, and [small] privately owned enterprises. Key industries will function on a “no profit, no loss” principle.

Shrii Prabhat Ranjan Sarkar

Discourses on PROUT-1 , by Shrii Prabhat Ranjan Sarkar. The author describes the concept of Cosmic inheritance, saying that all potentialities, all factors of the world belong not to any one person, nation or state, but rather to the entire humanity. Further, all laws are to be considered relative because they are embedded in relativity, not absoluteness. Hence those laws need to go on changing as per time, space and person.

Discourses on PROUT-2, by Shrii Prabhat Ranjan Sarkar. Herein the author points out that universalism is free from the vices of ism, that ism is a major factor in wars, and those who are eager to establish peace must shake off nationalism and all other isms. He further explains that human society is one culture, there is no difference in the subterranean culture flow of the human society. Differences are external only, not internal. Further, it is not enough to fight corruption, exploitation and capitalism. People must simultaneously have before them a constructive ideal, a positive alternative.

Discourses on PROUT-3 , by Shrii Prabhat Ranjan Sarkar. Shrii Sarkar points out that if a country is highly industrialized, this will not raise the economic standard of people in other countries. For this reason, industry should be decentralized and only key industries centralized. Capitalists who seek profit alone will never agree to decentralization of the economy because their profit comes with economic centralization. In a cooperative economic structure there will be no unemployment. Rather working hours will be reduced.

Discourses on PROUT-4 , by Shrii Prabhat Ranjan Sarkar. The author reminds us that the dark shadows of immorality are today hampering human progress, and a very strong moral force is required to wipe out this immorality. This moral force will not come from the government or from professional politicians. Any government, says Sarkar, will become tyrannical (even a democratic government) if there is no moral force to keep a check on its immoral activities.

PROUT is … not an organization of idealists or moralists who preach a classless society, but a method, a system…which leads to a classless society. It has not been formed as a result of cyclic changes in the economic sphere of the world like the evolution of communism; but it is a radical change in all existing economic practices or theories conceived so far. It is a revolution in the economic sphere of the world’s life."

Shrii Prabhat R. Sarkar

Minimum Requirements and Maximum Amenities, by Shrii Prabhat Ranjan Sarkar. Shrii Sarkar discusses the importance of ensuring that every person is guaranteed the minimum requirements of life, to be adjusted as per time, place and person. Alongside the minimum requirements, maximum amenities must also be increased for the common people, the downtrodden people, so that no one is deprived. How to define minimum requirements and maximum amenities? The question is further raised, can people be satisfied even with increases in these amenities, or is something more required in life?

The Holistic Approach to Distribution , by Trond Overland. Prout is an integrated theory with a comprehensive worldview. The issue of distribution of physical, mental and spiritual potentialities is paramount. While physical resources are finite, PROUT maintains that there are fundamental cardinal rights such as food, clothing, housing, education and medical treatment. At the same time, since material goods and resources are limited, PROUT advocates that human beings expand their mental and spiritual potentialities - through education and meditation.

Globalisation of Economy , by Ac. Krtashivananda Avt. This article, while written in the 1990s, nevertheless contains valuable information on the disastrous consequences of the free market economy as represented by WTO, TRIM and TRIP, WB and IMF, while further clarifying Prout policy on globalisation and the Prout alternative economy to replace globalisation.

The Future of Universalism and PROUT , by Sohail Inayatullah. The author talks about the future of the Prout movement and speculates that in the future the Prout movement will enter the mainstream media, at which stage the strength of Prout will be tested as to whether it really provides an economic model surpassing liberal capitalism or totalitarian socialism. We need to make Prout part of a legitimate discourse in any academic, public or legal discussion, so that Prout can challenge laws and change the collective mindset so as to create new economies and polities.

Prout - the Progressive Utilization Theory
Prout is the socio-economics of all-round liberation. Formulated in 1959 by Indian socio-spiritual activist thinker P.R. Sarkar, it advocates economic liberation for all, not economic liberalism. As a socio-economic theory, Prout is not concerned solely with economics but encompasses the whole of human individual and collective existence - physical, educational, social, political, mental, cultural and spiritual - within the paradigm of integrated growth. The cardinal values of Prout are those of neo-humanism, which takes into consideration the good and happiness of all living beings; plants, animals and humans.

5 fundamental principles

11 social and socio-economic principles







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