Is knowledge also a belief?

What does it mean, when someone says “they know” or they “fail to know”? Is there a limit to one’s capacity to know? Or are there some things that are actually unknowable?

If we are honest with ourselves, we have to admit we are all sometimes mistaken in our beliefs, which means some of them are true, whilst others are false. There are times where we construct beliefs to create a positive state of mind or conversely to hoodwink ourselves and what becomes apparent from this is that some of these beliefs do not relay the way things actually are.

Is there an unerring way of arriving at beliefs?

Is all knowledge built on instinctive beliefs?

Plato believed in the pre-existence of the soul, which tied in with his innatism. He thought that we are born with knowledge from a previous life that is subdued at birth and must be relearned. He saw all attainment of knowledge not as acquiring new information, but as remembering previously known information. Before we were born, we existed in a perfect world where we knew everything.

I don’t know why there’s still so much issue with this!!!

A belief is something thought to be true.

Knowledge is something thought to be true.

However, belief is used as a form of probability, whereas knowledge is that actual doing of.

“I believe it’s 10th street”

“I know it’s 10th street!!”

Both people can be wrong when giving directions, the believer could be right and the knower could be confused.

It may seem like I’m overthinking this, but actually, I think you have been the over thinkers …

They are mostly synonyms. People who “know” can be mistaken… When they are mistaken, we get angrier, because knowledge is implied as zero error, whilst believing is considered probabilistic …

But, and this is important, for every knowledge, it is also believed …

Everybody notes the difference between knowledge and belief. If they weren’t different, there wouldn’t be two different words for them. Knowledge is a special type of belief, it differs in multiple criteria, including perhaps the attitude through which it is apprehended. That doesn’t mean it isn’t a belief. According to any common philosophical definition of ‘belief’, it absolutely is one.

All this shit has been pointed out to you when you made the exact same argument on reddit, and it was downvoted to oblivion there. You should have listened. “Belief” means something in philosophy, and if you undersatnd that meaning, it’s obvious that “knowledge” is a sort of belief. If you dispute that, especially as you have done without any argument or any demonstrable knowledge of the relevant field of philosophy, you are simply talking about concepts other than what the rest of us mean when we say ‘belief’ or ‘knowledge’.

The question isn’t so much whether this fucked up thing (which includes neither belief, nor truth) that you are calling ‘knowledge’ for some reason should be understood to be ‘knowledge’ by anybody else. It seems the more reasonable angle is for us to simply conclude that WW III Angry is a strange man who uses words in strange ways that don’t make sense.

“Thinking something is true without justification” is not what a belief is. Beliefs can be justified- at least to every other epistemologist on earth. You’ve merely declared, for no reason, that once something has justification it doesn’t get to be called ‘belief’ anymore.

It is recognized. That’s why we have the word ‘knowledge’ and don’t just call everything ‘beliefs’. Just because lakes and oceans are very different, doesn’t mean we have to stop calling one of them a ‘body of water’ in order for the difference to be recognized.

There is nothing ‘problematic’ about belief. A belief is simply thinking a proposition is true or false. It’s only problematic because YOU DEFINED IT IN A PROBLEMATIC WAY. If this troubles you, then obviously you should stop it, and define belief the way the rest of the field does.

Of course it is, for you, because YOU chose for no reason to declare that beliefs with justification don’t count as beliefs anymore. The only thing you allow to be called a ‘belief’ by your asinine definition are things that aren’t very rational. So no fucking wonder you find them not to be rational.

Why ask? I explained it to you three times already and you fucking ignored me. Well, here it is again:

A belief is no more or less than thinking a proposition is true or false. Knowledge is also the state of thinking a proposition is true or false, plus some added criteria. By basic logic then, knowledge is a belief, and not all beliefs are knowledge. That’s the reason for the assertion. Feel free to ignore me again and go on pretending as if this is mysterious.

Well then you don’t fully comprehend what those words mean, or else you’re using them in a magical way that nobody but you uses them.

This is literally nonsense to anybody with a basic understanding of epistemology.

Doubting something is a belief of the form “I believe X is unlikely”. You really need to understand some basic epistemology. If you think belief and doubt are opposed to each other, then you’re probably mistaking New Atheist propaganda for epistemology. I understand that there are YouTube videos that use ‘belief’ to mean a bad thing that mature people don’t have, but they are making you look stupid when you bring that sentiment and attempt to work serious philosophy with it.

This is very important; I’m on to you, just as any epistemologist would be on to you. You have non-philosophical reasons for wanting to co-opt the term ‘belief’ as a term of denigration to apply to people who have convictions and opinions for what you consider to be the wrong reasons. I’m sure that’s how you’re used to using it, and how you’re used to seeing it used in the circles you run in. The fact that you think knowledge and doubt aren’t types of beliefs makes it obvious.

But you aren’t right, and you don’t have an argument, and as long as you keep pushing this bad idea without an actual understanding of epistemology to back it, you’re going to continue getting the bad reception you’ve gotten, and it doesn’t matter how many communities you peddle it to. Well, you can probably get some 14 year olds in the comment section of a Richard Dawkins youtube video to agree with you.

This is plainly false with standard definitions of terms, though God only knows how you define the ‘requirements of knowledge’. Or ‘logical’ for that matter. When you make up the meanings of words as you go, anything you say quickly becomes irrelevant.

Not in the way you think. I’ve already explained this to you 3 fucking times. Stop telling me what Gettier did and didn’t do, when it is obvious to both of us that you’ve never read him.
Gettier showed that something IN ADDITION to JTB are required for knowledge, not that JTB are not criteria for knowledge. How many times must I say it?

Yes, semantics is that way, and that’s all you have- a desire to use words in a way most people aren’t using them. You aren’t making any arguments, you’re just stubbornly insisting that everybody should change the way they use basic philosophical vocabulary.

You haven’t actually said anything at all about the nature of knowledge.

I don’t care if pointing out basic facts seems elitist to you.

OK, this is crucial, engage your brain here: ‘thinking something is true’ is not ‘one trait’ of a belief. It is the only trait. It is the sum total definition of what a belief is. Anything that is ‘a state of thinking something is true [or false]’ is a belief. Anything that is a belief is 'a state of thinking something is true [or false]. There are not dozens of traits of beliefs, of which I am singling out but one. Knowledge is a belief in the same way that a spoon is a utensil.

We do if it’s the only trait definitive of one of the two things we’re comparing. Water is H2O. Is ice water? Why yes it is. We don’t say “Clearly Ice isn’t water just because it shares one arbitrary trait (being H2O) with water!”

That’s exactly what you’re doing here.

You ignored me just like you ignored all those poor people on Reddit that tried to explain these same basic things to you.

We could have some fun here Uccisore !!!

If a belief cannot be knowledge, then you cannot know a belief can’t be knowledge!

Uccisore is wise and knowledgeable and his arguments very logical

One of the words for the definitions of “belief” and “knowledge” that they must begin with as one original phenomenon is the word “information” in a very primitive sense which means, for example, without lie, fraud, corruption, cynism … and so on.

Information is useless without understanding though. All of us are inundated with so much information every day we can’t possibly process it all. We process what is reasonable to process. Even an amoeba receives information, but does that mean it knows anything?

Not all information conveys meaning however. So information which does is a sub set of all information
It is important not to confuse it with knowledge which does convey meaning. The two are not the same

As is defined in epistemic framework that seems to be taken for granted since Plato. You did already state that “we’ve known since Gettier at least that Knowledge is not justified true belief” and that an additional jump is needed, however, why not just throw away the whole idea? Centuries of academic philosophy elitism building on itself, JTB being proven wrong and academic philosophy elitists seem to want to rationalize it anyway. I guess it would be a shame to throw out the concurrence of the likes of Hume on the matter, but Hume didn’t really focus on this so much. Not many have strictly focused on this matter, that I’m aware of.

I agree, my point is that the common philosophical definition is based on that continued usage of knowledge and belief that rooted in Plato and not much else. Why? Because academia embraced Plato? I agree it wasn’t really unreasonable - but I am offering a different framework. So why can’t we have a different framework? Can we not? Any logical reason why the current framework must be?

Are you appealing to argumentum ad populum here? I did listen to them, and the naysayers were provided responses that essentially went unanswered. I also had plenty of reasonable discussions with some on reddit, some offered help and did not provide a reason why I couldn’t lay out an epistemological framework in this way. Downvoting in reddit doesn’t mean what it should mean - The graduates and philosophy students there may not even challenge what their professors taught them. The point is, this philosophy is not a science. “Belief” means something in philosophy due to what reason? Tell me why it means that and why it has to remain that? Why can we not provide a better definition that includes all aspects of what belief and knowledge entail, and not base it on some oversimplification that knowledge is thinking something is true and so is belief therefore knowledge is belief. Both belief and knowledge are much more than thinking something is true and epistemology realizes that, so what benefit is it that this categorization persist?

I would agree that it would be very difficult to understand something such as this in a new light - but an attempt can be made and in turn can be understood. Again, I have no logical reason why knowledge must be a category of belief because it must be that they share certainty. Truth must be a category of belief as well because they share certainty. But that attitude of certainty isn’t really the same, that state of certainty as the field of epistemology has already recognized is different. So to me, it makes sense and there is reason to schism them both - because acceptance of something as true in belief and acceptance of something as true in knowledge is different. Yet the field just things its ok to call acceptance of something true to be all that matters for knowledge to be a “belief”. Either knowledge is a belief or knowledge isn’t a belief. I state it isn’t, you state it is. I think you have less reason to consider it to be one than myself. You have argumentum ad populum and an appeal to authority on your side. I have reason. Yes, definitions can be defined as such what we want and how we use it, but philosophy is often about finding the truth in those definitions, parsing them apart to make sense, not over generalizing and not over simplifying in the ways that I have mentioned previously.

I would say not every other epistemologist on earth. Perhaps those in bed with elitist academia, but justification is very arbitrary. So depending on the justification and reason, I contest that a theory of how beliefs can never be justified can be laid out. I have yet to see a logical reason on why that is impossible. I have seen reasons that include the field says so, or reddit agrees, or people use it that way. But again, linguistically I see a lack of depth on the matter. I see problems with JTB as Gettier has, as well as the reasons I have brought about. You seem to think academia must rationalize this problem with JBT? That we can’t throw it away and all those academic great philosophers that have touched on it, because why?

Yes its recognized but I contest it isn’t recognized in as concise a manner as I propose philosophically. I contest also that beliefs aren’t justified based on that philosophical framework and that knowledge is. That believing something true should not occur, but understanding something to be true should occur. So because epistemology currently defines knowledge as a type of thinking something to be true it parses out this state of mind that is a belief as well as other things - but I contend that any part of that “state of mind” isn’t the same as they already noted. The attitude is different as the field notes - but they arbitrarily call it belief regardless because belief isn’t defined as well in epistemology as what it actually is - its more than just accepting something to be true. Its accepting something to true without merit, essentially. The field of epistemology fails to recognize that in this sense, but not elsewhere I agree. The attitudes that arise are different. Belief isn’t needed for knowledge as I already explained why and contested based on the proposition of belief being unjustified and knowledge being justifiable. So instead of grouping it all as just thinking something is true, I propose a better way.
I need reason why a different way isn’t possible. I do not need reason why you think my way isn’t better however, at this point. That we discuss down the road. Do you think that the field of epistemology can change its framework on knowledge and belief or is it set in stone?

Disagreed, its problematic for reasons I have already stated. I didn’t define it in a problematic way, I defined it as the field of epistemology does aside from it as also being acceptance of truth through knowledge. That is it, and I don’t see why that is a problem. Because I offered many reasons already why it shouldn’t be defined that way.

I would say I have reason I agree that I haven’t laid out that justification as well as I can or should have in the OP, but alot of that has to do with the epistemic framework you and academia take for granted - so a daunting task lay ahead of me, possibly a 700 page Kantian nightmare. But I am looking for valid reason why my task is impossible and I have yet to find it, here on reddit, or anywhere.

No, doubting is not a belief, it is a state of uncertainty. I make no claim that x is likely or unlikely when I doubt. Do you? I do not need any conception of probability to have doubt. Where in epistemology does anyone even think such a thing? I would like to know.

I would say I do have non epistemological reasons for wanting to co-opt the term belief - but my reasons are philosophical. I also contend that I have epistemological reasons for not wanting to co-opt the term belief. So ultimately I don’t really have the wrong reasons based on the entirety of my stance. You can say “i’m not right” but as mentioned earlier - need to know the logical reason why what I am contending to do is impossible, or wrong. But your response here is mostly noise, lets get to reason and logic yes? Not noise…

Yeah I’m not just making up meanings of words as I go. I’m using reason why the meanings aren’t sufficient or realistic in epistemology. You aren’t negating those reasons though, you’re just alluding to epistemology says so, or everyone else says so. I do understand that its hard for an outsider who has studied epistemology to come across something that goes against everything they understood. That seems to be the issue of many so far. That’s how elitism of course, thrives.

Ok you’re not providing me a logical negation of why it isn’t the way I think, you’ve made an assertion about Gettier that I didn’t disagree with, but you haven’t ruled out my assertion with reason… Both my assertion and yours are compatible as I understand it, until you explain why. My understanding is based on a synopsis of the Gettier problem here -

I thought I said at least a little bit about the nature of knowledge and making arguments. I would hope you can see past our lack of understanding to at least admit to that. Sheesh. I do agree as stated earlier a more comprehensive explanation is needed on everything I mentioned.

Well “I don’t care if it seems elitist” isn’t a reason why epistemology must recognize knowledge as a type of belief, due to the subjective definition, that I contest is problematic and I contend that you haven’t logically ruled out.

Yes, and thinking something is true isn’t the trait of knowledge that I am stating exists in the state of knowledge, it is more. I am contending that it is an oversimplification here. Knowledge is understanding something that is true, and by that it is much more coherent. The attitude between understanding and “thinking” or “believing” isn’t the same, thus a schism is warranted. Sorry I didn’t necessarily word that out correctly in my prior response, but I had already many times - I would hope you would understand that aspect by now of my position. I shall remain more adamant and thus explain things again, everytime I make a claim like that, I suppose. Even the definition I provided of knowledge doesn’t include thinking something is true, anyway. But I do understand the epistemic sense of thinking it is true being relevent to knowledge in the field of epistemology - but I contest it is problematic and can and ought to be turned on its head and ultimately incorrect due to the nature of the mind in processing belief and knowledge.

I contend that the analogically equivalent of what epistemolgoy is stating here is that Nitrous oxide is water because it has O. I am stating along that lines that Nitrous oxide is not water because it has O, Nitrous Oxide has NOS essentially, and even the O is fundamentally different in Nitrous Oxide than it is water. Pay very close attention to that.
I think the analogy though isn’t exactly correct due to the nature of O (the element) not changing in science. But it does in the nature of attitude in knowledge :slight_smile:

I answered every one of them and I did not ignore you. Thank you for your constructive criticism - I have more things to look into and other arguments to contend against on this matter to polish up my OP and take into account the harshness of what I am presenting, to someone who is invested in epistemology in its current state.

That is not true. You do not understand what I mean, what “information” in a very primitive sense means, or/and you do not want to understand and have a ready-made opinion in your head which you do not want to let it out of it.

Q.E.D.: You do not understand what I mean, what “information” in a very primitive sense means. Try to evolutionarily go backwards - far away from now. Otherwise you will never understand what the word “information” in a very primitive sense means.

Again: You do not understand what I mean, what “information” means … An amoeba does not need to believe (sic!) and [i]not need to know /i its information.

Have you forgotten the topic of your thread?

Why isn’t it true?

It is useless because without understanding nothing can be said to be of use. To ascribe a “use” for something, anything, requires understanding of what that “something, anything” is and does - and what it should do or does naturally. IF there’s no conscious awareness of existence, it doesn’t matter what anything does. Thus useless.

There is information and there is knowledge. All knowledge is information. But not all information is knowledge. Knowledge has to convey meaning
or understanding but information does not. Information can be anything which does not make sense. If it does make sense it is still information but
it is knowledge too. So for example the statement capital of is Paris the France is information but not knowledge since it does not convey meaning
or understanding and makes precisely no sense. Whilst the statement Paris is the capital of France is both information and knowledge since it does
convey meaning or understanding and therefore makes perfect sense

Like I said: Understanding in a very primitive sense does not mean what we understand when we use the word “understanding” in a human sense. Remember: Your thread is about belief and knowledge; and an amoeb does not need to understand what information means (you should not always confuse all living beings with human beings!), it does not need to believe or to know in order to be informed in the sense of “being in form”. “Information” originally comes from “being in form” (there is no need of belief and knowledge). Do you understand that?

You asked me what the common root is. I have given you the answer several times, but you have not understood it, and that is the problem, your problem.

Stones do not beleive and not know. Primitive living beings do not beleive and not know, but they are „in form“ (they live) without believing and knowing it.

That is what I said to WW_III_Angry several times, but he did not understand it.

It only seems that way because you’re ignorant of epistemology. Nothing has been ‘taken for granted since Plato’; it has been examined and re-examined from every possible angle the human mind can examine it. Gettier would be an obvious example, since we’ve been talking about him this whole time.

Because ‘throwing away’ whole ideas isn’t something we do without some sort of fucking argument, and you have not provided one in any way, shape or form. This is very straightforward- according to how ‘belief’ is defined in epistemology, knowledge is a type of belief. If you want to make up a new definition of ‘belief’ such that it formally excludes knowledge, you are free to do so, but you haven’t actually introduced anything new to philosophical thought, you’ve merely played a word game- a word game that you will have to re-play every time you have a philosophical conversation with a new person who is confused as to why you aren’t using words the same way as everybody else.

You apparently live in a fantasy land in which you make up stories about what philosophers are doing and thinking, in lieu of you having actually studied what they are thinking and doing. Be straight with me- do you actually have the foggiest fucking idea what modern epistemologists are saying about anything, to justify the above accusation? You just postulated academic elitists defending JTB in spite of (I assume you mean) Gettier ‘proving it wrong’. Give me some examples. Who are the academic philosophy elitists that are ignoring Gettier to defend simple JTB? You can’t mean me, since the only reason you’ve even heard of Gettier is because I told you about him.

Because you aren’t aware of epistemology in general, right? Plantinga, Chisholm, Russell, I think Ernest Sosa, John Greco, L. Zagzebski…Gettier’s work has been very influential in epistemology, and tons of people have addressed it. Pre-Gettier, the justification of belief was a primary concern of Hume, sure, but also DesCartes, Locke, Reid, Berkeley and of course Kant.

Because it presents an accurate representation of the way people think.

So that’'s your angle? “Let’s re-define a bunch of words in ways that will confuse everybody, when the old definitions were perfectly fine, because why not?” Feel free! Use common philosophical vernacular in a way that will guarentee nobody understands what the hell you’re talking about without you constantly re-explaining your basic terminology.

No more or less than you making up stories about what the ‘academic elites’ are doing so you can paint yourself as heroic in your defiance of them. But yes, when numerous un-associated people tell you that you’re fundamentally wrong about a subject that, let’s face it, you really don’t know much about, it’s time to listen to them.

Because the phenomenon X of ‘a person thinking a proposition is true or false’ is a ubiquitous subject of philosphy, and so there’s bound to be a word to describe it. If you try to chop that concept up, and force there to be one word for some of these occurances and another word for others of these occurances, the response will just be to force another word to come up to describe them both as a collective- since that’s inevitably how they will be discussed most of the time.

So, if you manage to convince people to change their vocabulary so that some instances of X as ‘beliefs’ and some instances of X as ‘knowledge’ and badger them into denying that one is a subset of the other, they will eventually come up with some new term- like SuperBelief- to describe all instances of X. So you’ll have a situation where Belief and Knowledge are considered completely different (because you won this preposterous non-debate), and yet both fall under the category of “Superbeliefs”. The epistemology will not be changed in the slightest- Superbelief will just mean what ‘belief’ used to, Belief will mean what 'unjustified belief" used to, and “Knowledge” will mean basically the same thing as it did before, unless youv’e got some violence in mind for that vocabulary that we haven’t talked about yet.

The reason for this self-regulation of the language into a situation in which you changed essentially nothing but people’s vocabulary is that these terms all seek to describe a reality impervious to your desire for a ‘different framework’. Similarly, if you decided that tigers are no longer cats, and were able to impose your will on the language, a new word would simply come up to refer to ‘tigers and cats’, since despite your desires, they really are quite similar and bound to be referred to collectively often enough to need a word for it.

Because ‘we’ haven’t actually studied epistemology, and don’t ‘we’ actually know what ‘we’ are talking about sufficiently to provide a better definition that will suit the purposes of the people who actually use these words- namely, that of describing reality.

No, belief is not much more than thinking something is true (or false, don’t forget that). It literally is that and nothing more. Knowledge is that, plus some additional criteria.

Yes, an attempt can be made to understand why this one guy on the internet wants to use ‘belief’ and ‘knowledge’ in bizarre, non-standard ways. I have made that attempt, and my conclusion is that it’s occuring due a combination of political (pro-skeptic) motiviations and a lack of understanding of actual epistemology.

Like take this for example. It’s patent nonsense. Anybody with a basic understanding of epistemology would roll their eyes or laugh at this. Truth is a relationship between a proposition and a state of affairs. It’s obviously not a belief, and has nothing to do with certainty.

Yes, they are different. But they both fall into the category of ‘thinking a proposition is true’, and the word we use for that category is ‘belief’. Again, if you switch the vocabulary around, there will simply be a different word for this same categorization, and nothing in philosophy will change, except that certain concepts will be harder to express.

Not any that you’ve demonstrated here. You’ve basically raged against ‘the establishment’ and demanded me to tell you why you can’t have your way.

And you have the gall to accuse somebody else of argumentum ad populum. Your every post is rife with this heroic portrayl of yourself as rising against the ‘elitists’ with your nonsense.

Of course it can, if you sufficiently twist the terms ‘belief’ and ‘justified’ into something that bares no resemblance to how the rest of the world uses them. I can lay out a theory of how beliefs can eat sheep and howl at the moon if all the relevant terms are mine to define. But neither your word game nor mine will change the fact that

‘the reasons we have for thinking a proposition are true or false can be good reasons or bad reasons’.

This is presently referred to as a belief being justified or unjustified. You would presumably use a different sentence to describe that exact same state of affairs. It changes nothing.

And I contest that you haven’t the foggiest fucking idea how the majority of epistemologists regard this distinction and that the above is just a fantasy story. Honestly, I think that’s where your position falls apart- you’re telling me all these stories about what the field of epistemology does and doesn’t do, what the ‘elitists’ belief and what they don’t, and I…simply don’t believe you. I’m not prepared to accept that you have ready really much of any epistemology at all, certainly not enough to be making pronouncements on the state of the field.

That is entirely possible given however you define ‘belief’ and knowledge’. You may as well say ‘woof woof isn’t needed for meow’ for all the difference it makes to me. What’s important is that knowledge is a specialized instance of thinking a proposition is true or false. I haven’t seen you disagree with that so much as insist that it’s terribly important that we use different words to describe it.

Right, those are the definitions you made up. Within your near-English language that you speak when dealing with epistemology, the sentence “belief isn’t needed for knowledge” is true. Within some other guys near-English language, the sentence “Knowledge eats carrots and leaves me painted eggs every Easter” is true. You aren’t challenging any underlying concepts, you’re simply insisting that people should prefer your near-English language to English.

A belief isn’t an uttered claim, it’s a state of mind with regards to a proposition. Thinking proposition X is true, false, likely, unlikely, or of unknowable probability are all beliefs. This is easily demonstratable since any of these an be re-written in the affirmative, i.e.,

“The likelihood of X is undiscernable” or “X is false” or “I don’t have sufficient information to draw a conclusion about X” are all propositions that a person can think are true, and so thinking is thus a belief.

In other words, if you doubt X, then you think ‘X is unlikely’ or ‘there isn’t enough evidence to conclude anything about x’ or something similar to that is true. That would be the belief that you have. If what you meant to say is that you have no opinion at all about X (for example, you’ve never heard of X or have only heard of it in passing), then that may be a different story, but that’s not how other human beings use the word ‘doubt’. For all I know. ‘doubt’ is another of those terms you’ve made up your own definition for though, so who knows what you actually mean.

That any proposition about probability can be converted to a simple positive or negative statement as I showed above isn’t a matter of epistemology so much as a matter of setential logic.

I find it highly likely that you’ll just not reply to the logic and reason I give you, as you have in the past.

Yeah, stop arguing with me about Gettier based on a wikipedia article that you skimmed. His actual paper is easily available. Gettier’s conclusion was that JTB are required for knowledge, but something else is required in addition.

Yes, knowledge is more than merely thinking something is true. But that is a part of it, and anything that is minimally ‘thinking something is true’ is a belief. There are all sorts of kinds of beliefs, which are very different from each other- guesses, theories, knowledge, convictions, delusions. These are all beliefs, and they are all quite different from each other, because ‘belief’ is a very basic concept.

Which makes it a belief. Whatever else may be required for something to be knowledge, the above makes it a belief. You’ve just admitted that modern philosophy is correct about this, according to you. You can change the definition of ‘belief’ all you want such that the sentence “Knowledge is not a belief” is true when you (and only you) utter it, but that will not change the fact that knowledge is a type of belief as those terms are commonly defined, which means the answer to the question posed in your OP is ‘yes’.

If I asked “Are dogs a type of cat?” as a thread in the science forum, everybody would say ‘of course not’. If I revealed that by ‘cat’ I meant ‘for-legged mammal’, it wouldn’t change their answer, and it certainly wouldn’t change anything about the actual nature of cats and dogs. It would just mean that 1.) I asked a trick question, and 2.) I have a funny way of talking.

For those who don’t want to read all that, a summary of what’s going on in this thread:

New atheists and internet skeptics use ‘belief’ in a certain way.

Epistemologists use ‘belief’ in another way.

Because of that difference, a statement like “I don’t have any beliefs” is understandable and admirable to the internet-skeptic, but self-refuting balderdash to the epistemologist.

This is fine as long as the two groups keep to themselves.

What’s going on here is an attempt to replace the epistemological definition with the internet-skeptic version.

This is bad, because the internet-skeptic version means something like “Those unfounded and preposterous convictions held by religious people and my political enemies” which isn’t nearly precise or rigorous enough to use in serious philosophy.

Nonsense, I certainly understand that. He didn’t make that distinction initially.

That is great insight of yours as that receiving information is being informed. Is being informed mean understanding? Well, yes it does, essentially. I don’t know what you mean by primative, but any sort of knowledge is knowledge, regardless of how menial it is. Like I said, does an amoeba receiving information mean it is understanding it? We may not know the answer to that question but one can just say no, it isn’t - because it has no mind, at least that we know of. It would be an assumption otherwise. I agree an amoeba does not need to understand what information means, I never confused that with all human beings I never claimed an amoeba needs information. It seems you’re arguing against something I never stated.

But being informed is understanding - but an amoeba may just be “reacting” not being informed.

Language can some times be ambiguous and particularly so with such a loaded word like belief that obviously means different things
to different people. This is why in debates like this it is absolutely imperative for everyone to define as clearly as possible their own
interpretation of the word. But equally as important also to accept any alternative definitions of it and realise they are just as valid
as their own definition. And so without both of these conditions being rigorously adhered to productive discourse is just not possible

Uccisore if its been examined I would say it hasn’t been examined thoroughly enough. We already had this discussion and as I see it has only been touched on lightly, or in very myopic fields such as how to understand certain things, not everything. You say I haven’t provided an argument, but then what are you arguing against? Nothing? Apparently you’re not making sense then. I’ve mentioned my argument many times and you’re again repeating “according to how ‘belief’ is defined in epistemology”, which I already argued is not the right way to define it and provided reasons why it isn’t the right way to define it. You don’t argue against the reasons though - you agree, it seems. But still say well epistemology defines it this way, so it must be that way, essentially. If you understand how philosophy works you would know philosophy has in the past brought new paradigm shifts in understanding. You are not able to provide a coherent argument why a paradigm shift is impossible in epistemology, and even my argument which apparently isn’t an argument, but something else you wish to rationalize it as.

Your emotional response though is beginning to become telling, you claim things that you couldn’t possibly know, like I never heard of Gettier before you mentioned him here. My argument doesn’t rest on Gettier - but a further more comprehensive thesis would. I already referenced Gettier before you even replied on this thread. It’s even in my OP in Reddit. In any case your response is indicative of your unreasonable nature on this matter. Since maybe the first time we ever engaged each other on the boards (I don’t remember anything else - ) I don’t know what your nature is however. But so far, not very confident in your argument by stating “Fucking” and showing anger instead of showing reason and making wild claims that I know are false. You also aren’t rebutting against specific claims and merely assuming I don’t know what I’m talking about. In any case, it seems based on all that I have already received my constructive criticism from you and have no need for your deconstructive criticism because its not logic or reasonable, its merely insulting and unreasonable. But I am not offended anyways, I’m sure there’s good reason why you’re responding emotionally, I did provide some cutting remarks on your lack of argument already that probably angered you more than anything else. As mentioned already in this thread: " More the knowledge lesser the ego, lesser the knowledge more the ego.” But your responding seems indicative of ego and not reason. So I take it you really don’t understand how to argue against what I stated, but you want to very badly. As you already alluded to me wanting this very badly, but that seems to be a projection. I don’t. I just want to know. Right now I am at a state of ultimate uncertainty and am looking for ways to negate this sentiment of mine or continue further. Currently I need to continue further based on everything that was presented to me by you and others - particularly others on reddit.

You stated also "
And I contest that you haven’t the foggiest fucking idea how the majority of epistemologists regard this distinction and that the above is just a fantasy story. Honestly, I think that’s where your position falls apart- you’re telling me all these stories about what the field of epistemology does and doesn’t do, what the ‘elitists’ belief and what they don’t, and I…simply don’t believe you. I’m not prepared to accept that you have ready really much of any epistemology at all, certainly not enough to be making pronouncements on the state of the field. "

Here you go, seemingly again making a wild claim about what I know out of emotionalism. Click the link. … 4.0011.008

You claim epistemology shows how knowledge and belief are reprentative the way people think, without any reason to show how thats the way they think. In any case, Gettier shows it isn’t how people think and now you want to continue rationalizing that the general theory still stands. But offer no reason how other than the epistemological definition and not any insight on knowledge and belief.

I certainly am not raging against anything, I am seeking more clarification, answers and reason why. I have been directed to seek more answers and counter more arguments against my stance. That is all I have been shown in my post so far, which is pretty much what I wanted. If you don’t have anything more to offer you can stop responding or misrepresenting my stance. You don’t really seem to fully understand what I am saying anyway, and part of that could be my fault but part of it could be your fault as well. In any case, other people have understood what my intentions are and have guided me well, and so have the naysayers in their way :slight_smile:

I am not attempting to use different words to describe it, I am attempting to describe it more coherently and clearly because I don’t think the mind thinks at its deepest levels that knowledge and belief are the same, in ones mind. If they do, then they are wrong. Most people are wrong about beliefs anyway, because its never logical to believe. Its always best to know you don’t know. So people need to be taught how to think the right way, essentially and how to discern their beliefs from their knowledge, because epistemology isn’t doing them any justice in this manner currently, by conflating belief and knowledge in one sense of belief and knowledge that doesn’t really have any basis in the mind - as we treat them differently- and as such the reality of the situation.