philosophy, irrationalism, religion, science.....

let us reinvent the wheel for the moment…

what is the starting point of philosophy?

it goes all the way back to the Greeks and it holds
that reality is ordered and knowable by the human intellect…
we use reason to work out that ordered reality…we can know how the universe
works by using our human intellect…that is the starting point of philosophy…

what is the starting point of religion? that reality is unknowable because
god is unknowable and that miracles can happen which are irrational events
unexplainable by reason…hence we see that religion is oppose to philosophy
because religion relies on and depends upon irrationalism… to hold faith is
to believe in the irrational…

and what is the point of science? to have a method or technique to understand
and organize the reality around us…we use that method, the scientific method
to rational work out what the how of existence is… the scientific method cannot
get us to the why of the universe, but it can get us to the how of the universe…

can we use science or philosophy to explain such things as love or hope or
wisdom? there is no possible philosophical or scientific explanation of love…
there might be nothing in the universe more random and unexplainable then love…

the Greeks spend some time on talking about Eros and yet not one of them actually
hit the mark on what Eros really is…you may as well have two blind men talk
about the color of the sky…

so philosophy is an rational attempt to understand and explain the universe…
but science has shown us that the universe isn’t quite as rational and orderly
as believed…there is an element of chaos and randomness in the universe
that neither science or philosophy has been able to engage with…

we use ism’s, ideologies as attempts to explain the universe…
for example, Marxism is an attempt to rationally explain the
universe… Marxist quite often throw the word “Scientific” around,
that somehow Marxism is “scientific”… spoiler alert, it isn’t…

and that capitalism is a rational attempt to organize the movement of
goods and property to help people to be "Happy’'… another spoiler
alert… capitalism isn’t rational… in fact, it is quite the opposite of
rational…to seek what make us happy, isn’t a rational activity…
it is the quintessential attempt at irrationality…
how would one “rationally” explain seeking happiness?

and we can see from an understanding of viewpoints, that viewpoints
change all the time… Kropotkin, what do you mean by “viewpoints?”

a viewpoint is how people individually and collective view people, places,
ism’s and events… for example, one of the most important modern
changes in viewpoint came with the discovery of the new world…
it profoundly change how people viewed the world… and that changing
viewpoint took time to make its way through to people…

and another event that changed viewpoint was the various revolutions,
the scientific, the political, the social, the philosophical revolutions
of the last 500 years… the French revolution for example changed
how people viewed the state, the monarchy, war and the relationship
between the state and the people within that state…

you could almost say that there was a pre-revolutionary viewpoint of
people and a post-revolutionary viewpoint of people because of the
French revolution…

that there are people, events, books and discovery’s that change
how we viewed the universe… we can say people with the idea’s
of Copernicus, we can say events like the French Revolution,
we can say books like “The Psychopathology of everyday life” by
Freud or event like 9/11 which changed how American viewed, well
everything…

it might be noted that the great believers in irrationalism hold to
such ism’s as religion/god and capitalism…for in holding irrational
beliefs tends to be holding irrational beliefs across the board…
every belief tends to thought of irrationally… for capitalism
is an irrational system of economics… belief in the
exceptionalism of America is irrational because it has no basis in
facts…these are examples of holding irrational beliefs across the board…
irrationalism drives their every belief…

we see this on ILP all the time… the irrational ones are irrational about
every belief they hold…from science to politics to religion to life
in general…every belief is driven by irrationalism…

and what is the opposite of irrational? Once again, it is that
philosophical understanding that reality is ordered and knowable by
the human intellect… we can by the use of reason understand
reality…that is the fundamental drive of philosophy… that it can be
understood by using reason…

but we know that there is certainly a chaotic aspect of the universe…
the universe is not, not a clock or a machine that has specific
and knowable actions at specific and knowable times…

so how can we then use rationality or reason to explain this
chaos or unknowable aspect of the universe?

one method is by the theory of entropy… that the universe energy
is running down… that as we age, we grow closer to the loss of energy…
that death by old age is simple the loss of energy by the body to the extend
that the body dies…I am 62… I have no where near the energy I once had…
I could, in my youth, run 15 miles a day… (I ran cross country and track in high school)
today, I am winded walking to the refrigerator… and that is entropy at work…
as I age, I will lose energy…and as the universe ages, it will lose energy…
the universe will not end with a bang, but with the loss of energy… a whisper…

we can view the universe through our understanding of such laws as entropy…
it isn’t rational per se, but it is a rational means of understanding the universe…

the idea of entropy does explain how the universe reacts irrational to events
by the law of entropy… as we better understand the universe, we will see
similar laws like entropy to better explain the irrational aspects of the universe
and of humanity… for as I have explained, we humans are both rational and
irrational… but we can explain the irrationality in human beings with
Freudian theories of the unconscious… we can use theories and ideas
that are formed rationally to explain the irrational aspect of what we don’t
know or can explain…in other words, we use rational theories to explain
the irrational…thus we have such “rational” theories as “Quantum mechanics”
to explain the irrational subatomic chaos…using rational theories to explain
that which is irrational…

this is the story of 20th and 21st century science and thus philosophy…
we can use rational theories to explain irrational events…
thus we in philosophy have used such philosophical idea’s as
existentialism to explain irrational aspects of human existence…

and looking forward, we can see that this type of rational explanation
of irrational events/places/idea’s/philosophies/religions…will become
the norm of both science and philosophy…how do I rationally explain
irrational idea’s or philosophies? that will be the next quest of
philosophy and science…

Kropotkin

let us take on Marxism for example…
Marxism claims to be “Materialistic” which is to say it rejects
Metaphysics…the explanation of the universe through
metaphysical idea’s… (metaphysics is the idea that
there is something behind the physical… thus we can see
god behind the physical world… the marxist would reject
this idea of god because it isn’t something we can touch,
taste, hear, see or smell)

this is why the Marxist holds to workers… they create the materialist
world with the products they built or manufactured in factories where
their work, their effort is stolen by the capitalist…in terms of stealing
wages from the workers…I have mentioned before that the worker
is paid say, $5 dollars an hour… the worker then creates $10 worth of goods,
that difference in effort and work is then stolen by the capitalist…
so for every worker, the capitalist steals $5 of effort from the worker…
but look at this theory… there is no metaphysical aspect to this theory…
nothing about anything behind this theory… just the theory of capitalism
which we can see, hear, taste, touch and smell…it is purely materialistic…

and that is what Marxism is all about… the materialistic aspect of existence…
we buy things, we consume things, we produce things, we have our work stolen
by capitalists…it is strictly about the materialistic aspect of life… every part
can be explained by a strictly materialistic understanding of life…

look at capitalism… it is material but it is also metaphysical… somehow,
in some unexplained fashion, the individual striving for one’s Happiness,
creates a universal happiness… society benefits from our individual striving
for happiness… the fable of the bee’s is one such viewpoint of this ism…
the words “the indivisible hand of god” that so explains capitalism,
is only mentioned 5 times in Smith’s book… (the wealth of nations)
but it clearly is the explanation of how capitalism works…

it is a belief based system that somehow, by methods not understood,
capitalism is able to solve the worlds issues, by individuals striving for
happiness, individually…

but what is left unsaid in capitalism is also that might makes right…
the wheel that drives this explanation of capitalism is that those with
the might, makes the right… or they are the ones that allow the
system to work… by the powerful individuals who own the means of
production are the ones who force the system to work, for their own benefit…
the wheels of industry is a wheel to make the wealthy, more wealth…
that is what is implied in the “the wealth of nations” that the owners
of the means of production, the gods, are the ones who make
they system work…

by at no point in Marxism is metaphysics used, whereas it is
the entire value of capitalism…

but the world is not explainable by purely metaphysical means
and the world is not explained by purely materialistic means…
we have that area that is unexplainable by either…
and we can use rational idea’s to explain irrational beliefs…
just like Freud used a rational idea to explain irrational
actions by human beings…

so, we can use rational idea’s to explain the irrational beliefs held
by capitalism… the idea of seeking happiness is really this idea that
people seek that which benefits them personally… happiness is
that which benefits us personally…is this a true explanation of
what happiness is? we shall see…

so, capitalism is about people seeking that which benefits them personally,
that is their happiness…which would suggests, that Marxism is
about people seeking that which benefits society/the collective
before they get any personal benefit from an action or idea…

to put one’s family or state or society or company before oneself is certainly a
prominent idea in todays society…to wear a mask to protect others from
the virus is a variation of this idea…to put others before oneself… this
is also a Christian idea…a socialist idea…a national idea… to serve one’s
country is to put country before self…this conflict between
what comes first, self or others… might be the basis of most if not all
ideologies and ism’s…who has a right to be happy? self or others?

to look at it rationally, it is rational to put others before self…
to put family before self… I am a father and a husband… and I have
put my family before self… and I have no problem with that…
but were I selfish, I would put myself before family… to do what I want
to do regardless of the consequences to my family would be selfish…
which is what capitalism suggests… to put oneself before others…
to seek that which makes one happy before others…
seek that title, seek that wealth, seek that fame…
all aspects of capitalism that is heavily promoted in capitalism…

rarely if ever, does capitalism ever put family first or country first
or the society first… do what makes one happy… regardless of the outcome
because god or that “indivisible hand of god” will make it alright…

that is the message of capitalism… oneself first… state, country, family,
society second…

so then communism will be about society/state/family first… before oneself
put others first… to serve… and that is certainly the message of communism…
but we encounter what we are serving in communism… which is historical
necessity… in other words, we serve dialectical materialism…which means we
serve the material aspects of life first…as the Marxist belief that all of society
is based upon the economic aspects of existence… the materialistic aspect,
that we must serve the material part of existence…
which denies god, any metaphysical understanding of existence, that
which cannot be touched, heard, smell, tasted or seen, cannot be
be believed in…but love… love cannot be touched or tasted or heard or
smelled or seen… how does one see love? how does one hear love?
so Marxism denies that which makes life valuable and desirable, love…
without love, life has little point or meaning…

but Marxism says, that which is material is what is valuable or meaningful…

and so I reject Marxism on that basis… because it is only about the material,
and not about that which cannot be seen, touched, tasted, smelled or heard…

Kropotkin

so in further reading about Marxism/communism, I came across this
statement…

‘’…Hegel’s well known statement in the ‘‘Philosophy of right’’ that
each philosophy is a product of its time’'… In the book, “Irrationalism”
Lukacs and the Marxist view of Reason… by Tom Rockmore…

so try this thought experiment… try to imagine what the philosophy
of the future will look like? We can’t because we are firmly rooted
into our own time and viewpoints that our time has…

German Idealism that dominated Germany and then the world,
existed from roughly, roughly 1780 to 1850…and it was a product
of that time/place/viewpoint that specifically existed then…
we couldn’t recreate that specific viewpoint because we don’t
live in that time, place, environment, in order to recreate German
Idealism…now there are some who still engage with German
Idealism, as well as they should, but it is an engagement that
is, at best, second hand… because we cannot recreate in
our minds, our lives that time period that did create German
Idealism…just as we cannot, cannot recreate the engagement
the original Christians had with Christianity… for they saw
Christianity as a way of life… and we see it as just another
ism to follow… we no longer have the time/place/environment/
viewpoint to recreate or even understand what Christianity meant
to the original Christians…

we see it intellectually, but not as they saw it, emotionally…they
felt Christianity to their bones… we see it as a game to play…
as Pascal’s wager is simply an intellectual game to play, nothing
to actually become emotionally involved with…

so, I cannot, however hard I try, come to some suggestion as to
what the philosophy of the future might be…that viewpoint is
simply not available to me as I do not exist in that time/place/
environment/viewpoint… I can only engage with the philosophies
and idea’s that have been created up to now… and then only
intellectually, because we, us moderns, don’t hold to philosophy
and idea’s to the bone, as a way of life… we see philosophy
and idea’s as just another area of study… of a game to play…
and until we take philosophy and idea’s as a way of life, down
to the bone, we cannot and will not actually be able to
truly engage with philosophy or idea’s…

Kropotkin