# I need a Logician

Quick question to any logicians. Is this argument valid? I dont care about soundness, only if this argument is valid:

1. The sun always rises in the east.

2. Tomorow is a part of always.

3. The sun will rise in the east tomorow.

Or is this argument circular?

Well, I would say that â€œtomorrow is part of alwaysâ€ is ok, but that does not mean that the sun will rise in the east, as the sun is not part of â€œalwaysâ€ because the sun is a finite object.

The sun could blow up tomorrow, the Earth could get knocked off of itâ€™s orbit, or get destroyed.

Also, does the sun rise in the east on all sides of the planet?

Oh boy, I was not asking about the soundness of the argument. I dont actually think its sound. I want to know if it is not valid, thats all. I need people that know the distinction between valid and sound! Where can I find these people!

A valid argument follows from its premises and a sound one is true.

Thanks… So is mine valid?

Only humans can reason.
Bob can reason.
Thus, Bob is a human.

Thatâ€™s sound.

Only Fish have scales.
A gecko has scales.
Thus, geckos are fish.

Thatâ€™s valid, but not sound.

GOD DAMNIT ALDERIAN, ANSWER THE DAMN QUESTION~!!! IS MY ARGUMENT VALID OR NOT!!!

There is something funny about the “tomorrow” part in the second line. Perhaps something should be mentioned about it in the first line.

Thinking…

Like…

The sun will always rise tomorrow in the east.
Tomorrow is part of always.
Thus, the sun will rise tomorrow in the east.

Still something sounds funny.

That doesn’t even seem to be an argument.

Here’s a valid version of your “argument” in SD

1. If the Sun rises tomorrow then it will rise in the east
2. The sun will rise in tomorrow

C: Therefore the sun will rise in the east

## 1 S–>E A 2 S A

E 1,2–>E

If you’re wanting to use predicate logic which is probably the case then you’re out of luck as I don’t have the necessary characters on my key board to make a translation into logic. The best I can do is put it in easily translatable terms.

## Everyday is such that the sun will rise in the east Tomorrow is a day

Therefore tomorrow is such that the sun will rise in the east

If the sun always rises tomorrow in the east
and tomorrow is part of always
Then, the sun will rise tomorrow in the east.

maybe this?

I turned it into an “if then” kind of thing.

The sun will always rise tomorrow in the east
Tomorrow is part of part of always
Thus, the sun will rise in the east.

I made the first sentence a premise.

Maybe the weird part is the word tomorrow as there is no such time as â€œtomorrowâ€ because it is figurative. Thereâ€™s something weird.

This implies more that WHEN the sun rises, it rises in the east.
Otherwise it would have to be taken as ‘the sun is always rising’, which from any one perspective it isn’t.
So this can not mean the sun will always rise, only that it can only come from the east, soo…

Doesn’t imply the sun will rise during time period ‘always’, only that it can only rise from the east during time period ‘always’

There is no indication that ‘tommorow’, being a very small fragment of ‘always’, will contain the event 'rising sun
No, this isn’t a valid argument.

Yep, it’s the always thing!

## Everyday is such that the sun will rise in the east Tomorrow is a day

Therefore tomorrow is such that the sun will rise in the east

Is this valid?

The sun is such, that every day, it rises in the east
Tomorow is a day

Therefore, the sun is such, that tomorow, it will rise in the east

1.If the sun rises, it rises in the east.
2.The sun rises once every day
3.Tomorow is a day

4.Therefore, the sun will rise once in the east tomorow.

This last one is the one I like most. So how about it? Is it valid?

I bet it’s valid anyway, because I also bet that tomorrow has something to do with morrow, has something to do with morning, has something to do with sunrise.

toÂ·morÂ·row Audio pronunciation of “tomorrow” ( P ) Pronunciation Key (t-mÃ´r, -mr)
n.

1. The day following today.
2. The future.

``````On or for the day following today: â€œI won't think of it now.... I'll think of it tomorrowâ€ (Margaret Mitchell).
``````

morÂ·row Audio pronunciation of “morrow” ( P ) Pronunciation Key (mÃ´r, mr)
n.

1. The following day: resolved to set out on the morrow.
2. The time immediately subsequent to a particular event.
3. Archaic. The morning.

mornÂ·ing Audio pronunciation of “morning” ( P ) Pronunciation Key (mÃ´rnng)
n.

1. The first or early part of the day, lasting from midnight to noon or from sunrise to noon.
2. The dawn.
3. The first or early part;

dawn Audio pronunciation of “dawn” ( P ) Pronunciation Key (dÃ´n)
n.

1. The time each morning at which daylight first begins.
2. A first appearance; a beginning: the dawn of history. See Synonyms at beginning.

intr.v. dawned, dawnÂ·ing, dawns

1. To begin to become light in the morning.
2. To begin to appear or develop; emerge.
3. To begin to be perceived or understood: Realization of the danger soon dawned on us.

18 entries found for morning.
Main Entry: morning
Part of Speech: noun
Definition: light
Synonyms: after midnight, AM, ante meridiem, aurora, before lunch, before noon, breakfast time, bright, cockcrow, dawn, daybreak, daylight, dayspring, early bright, first blush, foreday, forenoon, light, morn, morningtide, morrow, peep, prime, sun-up, sunrise, wee hours
Source: Roget’s New Millenniumâ„¢ Thesaurus, First Edition (v 1.1.1)

So…

“The sun will rise in the east tomorrow” because tomorrow means the next time the sun rises. But only if the sun always rises in the east. But the sun doesn’t always necessarily rise in the east… what if the polarities get fucked up? Back to dictionary.com we go.

At first, it appears that it doesn’t work:

east Audio pronunciation of “east” ( P ) Pronunciation Key (st)
n.

1. Abbr. E
1. The cardinal point on the mariner’s compass 90Â° clockwise from due north and directly opposite west.
2. The direction of the earth’s axial rotation.
2. An area or region lying in the east.
3. often East
1. The eastern part of the earth, especially eastern Asia.
2. The eastern part of a region or country.
4. often East
1. The region of the United States east of the Allegheny Mountains and north of the Mason-Dixon Line.
2. The former Communist bloc of countries in Asia and especially in Eastern Europe.

1. To, toward, of, facing, or in the east: the east bank of the river.
2. Originating in or coming from the east: a cool east wind.

``````In, from, or toward the east: a river flowing east.
``````

BUT THEN:

[b]east

(1.) The orient (mizrah); the rising of the sun. Thus “the east country” is the
country lying to the east of Syria, the Elymais (Zech. 8:7). (2). Properly what
is in front of one, or a country that is before or in front of another; the
rendering of the word kedem. In pointing out the quarters, a Hebrew always
looked with his face toward the east. The word kedem is used when the four
quarters of the world are described (Gen. 13:14; 28:14); and mizrah when the
east only is distinguished from the west (Josh. 11:3; Ps. 50:1; 103:12, etc.).
In Gen. 25:6 “eastward” is literally “unto the land of kedem;” i.e., the lands
lying east of Palestine, namely, Arabia, Mesopotamia, etc.

Source: Easton’s 1897 Bible Dictionary[/b]

The bible is very old. Older than knowledge of the polarities. Yes, I know it’s not English, but it was directly translated to that at least. And the word east may be older than knowledge of the polarities. So… “the sun will rise in the east tomorrow” may be perfectly valid and sound.

MUAHAHAHAHAHHAA! I <3 linguistics.

Just for kicks:

tks)
n. (used with a sing. verb)

``````The study of the nature, structure, and variation of language, including phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, sociolinguistics, and pragmatics.
``````

Anyway, if anyone wants to investigate the age of the word east and the first recorded knowledge or record of discovery of the knowledge of the polarities, let me know.

Etyology of the word east, from etymonline.com:

east Look up east at Dictionary.com
O.E. east, from P.Gmc. *aus-to-, *austra- “east, toward the sunrise” (cf. Du. oost, Ger. Ost, O.N. austr “from the east”), from PIE *aus- “dawn” (cf. Skt. ushas “dawn,” Gk. aurion “morning,” O.Ir. usah, Lith. auszra “dawn,” L. aurora “dawn,” auster “south”), lit. “to shine.” The east is the direction in which dawn breaks. For shift in sense in L., see Australia. Meaning “the eastern part of the world” (from Europe) is from c.1300. Cold War use of East for “communist states” first recorded 1951. Natives of eastern Germany and the Baltics were known as easterlings 16c.-18c. The east wind in Biblical Palestine was scorching and destructive (cf. Ezek. xvii.10); in New England it is bleak, wet, unhealthful. East End of London so called from 1846; East Side of Manhattan so called from 1882; Eastern Shore of Maryland and Virginia so called from 1624. East Indies (India and Southeast Asia) so called 1598 to distinguish them from the West Indies.

IT WORKS!!

The argument goes:

1. All times the Sun has risen, it has risen in the east.
2. Tomorrow is a time when the Sun will rise.

Therefore, Tomorrow is a time the Sun will rise in the East.

The argument is not valid, since it does not follow necessarily from the fact that the Sun has always risen in the East, that it will rise in the East tomorrow.
However, I would bet on it if I were you.

The argument certainly isn’t circular. If it were circular it would be valid.

Dammit read my post! I WORKED FOR THAT POST!!